Products manufactured by the paper industry are divided into five families listed below


Although the ‘catch-all’ term, “paper” is commonly used, these products have very varied uses and are actually very different due to their properties (strength, grammage, opacity, whiteness, softness, etc.), their composition and the way they are made.

  • Graphic Paper

Paper for graphic purposes is used to display information. The aim of these products is to meet needs such as informing and educating about a product as well as providing entertainment and promotional information too.  

This category includes, in particular:
- Newsprint paper, used to make newspapers, magazines and catalogues;
- Printing and writing paper (books, photocopy papers, notebooks, envelopes, advertising documents, technical leaflets, leaflets for medical products, etc.).

Examples of products made with graphic paper


  • Packaging paper and board

These paper and board products are used as materials to make packaging. They therefore provide various uses for wrapping a product (product protection, ease of handling and  packaging information/promotion on the contents, etc.).

There are several categories of packaging paper and board:
- Corrugated paper to make, for example, boxes, crates for fruits and vegetables, display cases for supermarkets or small micro groove packaging for supermarket products.
- Packaging paper can come in widely varying shapes and forms such as high capacity sacks (cement, animal feed, etc.), bags for fruits and vegetables, “boutique” bags, food packaging paper.
- Flat board is used to make products such as boxes (medicines, luxury items, toys, food products, etc.), tubes (core boards, bottle packaging, etc.) or protective systems (corner/edge protectors, etc.).

Examples of products made with paper and board packaging


  • Hygienic paper

Hygienic paper is destined primarily for personal hygiene but also cleanliness and health. It is used to wipe, absorb and protect and, as such, has a single use.
Cellulose wadding, also called “tissue”, is most-commonly used to make toilet paper, kitchen towels, industrial wiping products, tissues, cosmetic wipes, tablecloths, nappies, etc.  
There are some hygiene items which are not, strictly speaking, made from paper but which include an absorbent pad of cellulose fibre combined with other substances. These are essentially baby nappies, feminine hygiene products, and incontinence protection.

Examples of products made with hygienic paper.  


  • Industrial and special papers

There is a very wide range of industrial and special papers meeting various needs:
- Legal uses. These types of paper help guarantee the authenticity and tamper-resistance of official documents (identity papers, bank notes, cheques, title deeds, plane and train tickets, lottery cards, etc.).  
- Specific graphic uses (credit card slips, etc.).
- Industrial uses (decorative paper, paper for abrasive and insulation coatings, labels, siliconised paper, etc.).
- Specific everyday uses (cigarette papers, filters, etc.).
- Creative uses (tissue paper, etc.).

Examples of products made with industrial and special paper


  • Cellulose pulp

Cellulose pulps are very varied in terms of their manufacturing processes, features and uses. This range of pulps enables various types of paper and board to be produced. Some pulps are also made for non-paper based uses (viscose for textiles, high purity cellulose applications in very diverse sectors such as explosives and cosmetics, etc.).


  • Other products and molecules

Some paper mills have been producing molecules from wood-based chemical processes for many years (tall oil, vanillin, etc.) while others have focused on more recent molecules (microcrystalline cellulose). Some of these bio-products are also wood lignin derivatives (lignosulfonates).



How is paper pulp made and what process is used to manufacture paper and board?